Breakfast, which is a meal that differs according to cultures, has a rich and long history.
Eating three meals a day is a new habit brought about by the modernization and industrial process. In Turkey, as in Europe, the impact of the growing economic and cultural circumstances in the case undergone many changes over the last 20-30 years. It is known that in the Ottoman society, they ate subh (morning) and mesa (evening) meals twice a day. Apart from these two main meals, it also has the characteristic of being snacks made in the early morning before drinking coffee.
After the 16th century when breakfast, tobacco and coffee consumption became widespread; It is said that it started to be expressed in terms such as tobacco, under a bar, coffee bottom, tableware. According to the Kamus-ı Türki dictionary written at the beginning of the 20th century, breakfast is defined as follows;
Basically, a concise (short, less) meal before coffee, so as not to drink coffee on an empty stomach.
The thing that is taken out and eaten with a tray outside of the meal time and outside the table is a concise and ready-made meal.
This new culture, which was based on the consumption of the hangover meals in the Ottoman Empire, started to turn into the breakfast meal we know today. It is such that this breakfast varies from region to region, let alone the distance between countries. When we say Aegean, we think of various kinds of jam and dozens of different greens, while when we say Black Sea, we think of breakfast varieties such as corn bread and Mihlama.
However, this is not the case abroad. If you ask what these differences are, Turkish breakfast foods usually start with hot foods such as sausage eggs, scrambled eggs or boiled eggs, and finally, they are finished with different types of jams or desserts such as honey and cream duo.
This situation varies considerably abroad. For example; In America, breakfasts are all sweet-based. Sausage products are not seen as a contrast to Turkey as well as breakfast sausage. This situation is not different in Europe. It is the most preferred breakfast croissant in France, Italy and Belgium, and it is often consumed with sweeteners such as jam and syrup. The breakfast culture of the Middle East is similar to us but differs in spice consumption.
In short, the importance and form of breakfast are very different in Turkish culture. Especially if it is Sunday, breakfast ceases to be a meal and turns into an art and becomes an activity that helps the whole family gather together.
One of the most popular responses we received in our survey was about “Turkish breakfast”. The following comments were made about breakfast in the survey:
Turks eat a lot of things together for breakfast. They don’t like to have a simple breakfast.
to go to a restaurant or someone’s home for breakfast in Turkey is a very normal evil.
Turks drink tea, not coffee, for breakfast. After breakfast, they drink Turkish coffee.
Turks also eat some vegetables such as tomatoes and cucumbers for breakfast. In Turkey “olive” is eaten at breakfast.
Bagels, cheese and tea are the Turkish favorite things for breakfast.
What Happens at Breakfast?
It will surely be cheese and even more than one type of cheese. Olive, jam, honey, cream, butter, tomato, cucumber, dried fruit, sausage egg, bagel, pie, etc. There may be many foods such as sweet and savory. Generally, breakfasts made on the weekend are richer.
There is always tea for breakfast. A breakfast without tea is unthinkable. Turks have no habit of drinking coffee as soon as they wake up in the morning. When they get up in the morning, they first brew tea. Tea is made in a container called a “teapot” and left to brew. Tea bags are not preferred. Tea is drunk throughout breakfast.
Turks like to drink tea in small glass glasses. This has the cup in almost every home in Turkey. tea in Turkey, only smoking at breakfast. It can be drunk at any time of the day.
Turks love not only to drink tea, but also to serve tea. Many Turks offer tea to their guests at their homes and workplaces. This is a tradition. During home visits, they offer foods such as cakes, pastries and cookies along with tea. In some restaurants, waiters serve tea after the meal. Sometimes “would you like?” They offer tea without asking. Because almost everyone drinks tea. It is a habit for Turks to drink tea especially after a meal.
Since breakfast is an important and enjoyable meal for Turkish people, going to someone’s home or a restaurant for breakfast is a social activity. breakfast is served in many restaurants, especially at weekends would be in Turkey. These restaurants are usually visited by peers and have long breakfasts.
Turks love to eat in the restaurant or at home by chatting with their friends. When they go to a restaurant, they don’t eat and get up right away; because for Turks the aim is not only to eat, but to socialize. This is done with long conversations at the dining tables.
In Turkish culture, as in many cultures, it is common to take something to eat at someone’s home while going to dinner. This also applies to breakfast.